The Pomodoro Technique

William Meller - The Pomodoro Technique
The Pomodoro Technique is a time management system that encourages people to work with the time they have—rather than against it.

The Pomodoro Technique is a time management method developed in 1988 by the Italian Francesco Cirillo, that can be applied to a variety of tasks, whether in school or at work.

The Pomodoro method is straightforward and takes two hours. 

Here is where the cycle begins...

First, you engage in a 25-minute activity with a timer. 

Work on the task.

End work when the timer rings and take a short break (typically 5–10 minutes).

If you have finished fewer than three Pomodoros, repeat the steps above until you go through all three pomodoros.

After three pomodoros cycles are done, take the fourth Pomodoro and then take a long break (typically 20 to 30 minutes).

Repeat to conclude your daily goals.

This concludes the cycle...

Using time as an ally to accomplish what we want to do and how we want to do it was the goal of the technique.

It's natural to want more control over your day in today's fast-paced, time-poor environment, and Francesco Cirillo's deceptively simple time-management method is a proven solution. 

It is easy to understand and highly adaptable due to more than two decades of refinement and thinking. 

Both your work and home lives are transformed, focusing your mind on what needs attention at the moment.

In the preface to the book, Francesco Cirillo explains the motivations for the technique:

"... The basic idea for the Pomodoro Technique came to me in the late ‘80s, during my first years at university. Once the elation from completing my first-year exams had subsided, I found myself in a slump, a time of low productivity and high confusion. Every day I went to school, attended classes, studied, and went back home with the disheartened feeling that I didn’t really know what I’d been doing, that I’d been wasting my time. The exam dates came up so fast, and it seemed like I had no way to defend myself against time. One day in the classroom on campus where I used to study, I watched my classmates with a critical eye, and then looked even more critically at myself: how I got myself organized, how I interacted with others, and how I studied. It was clear to me that the high number of distractions and interruptions and the low level of concentration and motivation were at the root of the confusion I was feeling. So I made a bet with myself, as helpful as it was humiliating: “Can you study – really study - for 10 minutes?” I needed objective validation, and a Time Tutor, and I found one in a kitchen timer shaped like a Pomodoro (the Italian for tomato) – in other words, I found my “Pomodoro”. I didn’t win the bet straight off. In fact, it took time and a great deal of effort, but in the end, I succeeded. In that first small step, I found something intriguing in the Pomodoro mechanism. With this new tool, I devoted myself to improving my study process and later my work process. I tried to understand and solve more and more complex problems, to the point of considering the dynamics of teamwork. Gradually I put together the Pomodoro Technique, which I describe in this document..." - Preface of The Pomodoro Technique by Francesco Cirillo

By mastering this technique, you'll be able to accurately predict how many Pomodoros it will take to accomplish tomorrow's -- or next month's -- tasks.

You can usually wait 25 minutes before returning a call or replying to an e-mail. 

You'll learn how to deal with interruptions while staying focused on the task at hand.

You can use the Pomodoro Technique to achieve your own goals.

Pomodoros are more effective when you review what you've done before the first few minutes. 

References, inspirations, recommendations, or further reading:

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